국내외 연구기관에서 발표된 중국 연구 자료를 수집하여 제공합니다.
Promoting Old-Age Vitality in the People’s Republic of China
Zeng yi 2020.01.08
This paper examines old-age vitality and its associated factors, including physical and mental health, in the People’s Republic of China (PRC), using the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey and census data sets. Population aging is a far more serious problem in rural than in urban areas; and the effects of fertility, mortality, and the retirement age on future pension deficits are substantial. The paper discusses the policy implications of these trends and offers recommendations to promote old-age vitality. It is important to develop public and private programs to provide individualized healthy aging services to meet the various needs of the PRC’s growing elderly population. Policies to promote healthy aging should prioritize the strengthening of services and intervention programs to improve the mental health of the elderly. The other strategically important policies would include further developing the rural old-age insurance program and gradually raising the retirement age.
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