국내외 연구기관에서 발표된 중국 연구 자료를 수집하여 제공합니다.
Inclusive Growth in the People’s Republic of China
Dong xiao yuan, Joffre veronica mendizabal 2020.01.09
The economic success of the People’s Republic China (PRC) since the onset of economic reforms has been remarkable, as has been its rate of poverty reduction. The country is now undergoing a technological transformation that opens opportunities for increased productivity and employment creation, but which needs to be managed to benefit all. At the same time, the share of the PRC’s population over 65 years of age is increasing and is expected to account for 17% of the total population by 2030. Focusing on the period following the global financial crisis of 2008, this paper explores how these interrelated social and economic trends impact men and women’s work differently, and how the gender dynamics in the labor market and at home interact with other socioeconomic characteristics including education, age, and rural–urban divide. The findings suggest that better educated segments have been able to benefit from structural change, while women who are less educated, from rural areas, and older are lagging. Occupational segregation has increased, and regardless of education, urban and rural women continue to assume the bulk of unpaid domestic and care work. The paper provides a comparative perspective of the pathways of selected countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and recommends investing in rural women as part of rural vitalization policy, developing the market for care services, increasing public spending on early childhood education and care, and considering pension reform to further the PRC’s vision of inclusive, high-quality growth.
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