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The European Union-Russia-China energy triangle
Georg Zachmann 2019.12.26
Concern is growing in the European Union that a rapprochement between Russia and China could have negative implications for the EU. We argue that energy relations between the EU and Russia and between China and Russia influence each other. We analyse their interactions in terms of four areas: oil and gas trading, electricity exchanges, energy technology exports and energy investments.We discuss five key hypotheses that describe the likely developments in these four areas in the next decade and their potential impact on Europe:
1. There is no direct competition between the EU and China for Russian oil and gas;
2. China and the EU both have an interest in curbing excessive Russian energy rents;
3. The EU, Russia and China compete on the global energy technology market, but specialise in different technologies;
4. Intercontinental electricity exchange is unlikely;
5. Russia seems more worried about Chinese energy investments with strategic/political goals, than about EU investments. We find no evidence of a negative spillover for the EU from the developing Russia - China energy relationship.But, eventually, if these risks – and in particular the risk of structural financial disintermediation – do materialise, central banks would have various instruments to counter them
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